Department Of Medical Laboratory Science Journals


ABSTARCT

All procedures in the diagnostic medical laboratories are not without associated risks. Laboratory personnel handling clinical samples containing highly infectious agents are at a high risk of contracting laboratory-acquired infection. This risk is particularly high for those working in microbiological laboratories [1,2]. Injuries through infected needles and sharp cutting instruments encounteredin diagnostic procedures represent potential sources of laboratory-acquired infections.


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ABSTARCT

Low birth weight (LBW) remains a global health challenge with both short and long term adverse consequences1. It is an important indicator of the health status of an infant and a principal factor that determines the infant survival, physical and mental development in the future2. Its etiology is complex and may vary from one setting to another. Delivery of LBW neonates has been associated with pre- term deliveries, anaemia, malnutrition and poor use of orthodox ante-natal services1,3,4.These are particularly…
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Background:

Ergonomics awareness helps in its right application and contributes significantly to general wellbeing and safety of worker at workplace. Aim: This cross?sectional descriptivestudy aimed at assessing the level of awareness and knowledge of the science of ergonomics mong Medical Laboratory Scientists in Benin City, Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: A totalof 106 medical laboratory scientists comprising 64 and 42 in public and private laboratories, respectively, were recruited for this study using systematic random sampling technique. Data were obtained…
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ABSTARCT

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS are global health concerns. Sexually transmitted infections are high among young people in Africa, largely due to high risk behaviour and neglect of potential preventive measures. Particularly distressing is the fact that nearly 3.3 million youth are living with HIV/AIDS in sub Saharan Africa, and 76% of these youth are women(1). In sub Saharan Africa young women within the age group of 15-24 years are 3-4 times more likely to be infected with…
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ABSTARCT

Hepatiatis B and C viral infections are global health problems.Data on the prevalence of these viruses among preganat women in rural Nigeria is missing. This study was carried out with a view to determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B and C Virus infections in pregnant women in Okada Community of Edo State,Nigeria and assess risk factors for their transmission. Venous blood was collected from two hundred and sixty seven (267) pregnant women with age ranging from 13-42 years. A…
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ABSTARCT

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a teething global health problem. Sub?Saharan Africa remains by far the most affected region, with 24.5 million people living with HIV, representing a little below two?thirds of all people living with HIV.[1] HIV epidemic affects females severely in the sub?region, and women of reproductive age make up 57% of adults living with HIV.[1] HIV infection in pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcome,[2] the effect of which includes among others infectious…
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ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV/AIDS are two worldwide public health concerns.[1] Co-infection of these two diseases has been considered to be a major obstacle for the global efforts in reaching the goals for the prevention of HIV and TB infections.[1] HIV infection is a risk factor predisposing to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and progression to active disease.[2] Findings from some studies indicate that peopleliving with HIV have a higher risk of developing multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) which is associated with increased…
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Malaria is the world's leading parasitic disease and affects approximately 40% of the world's population (ap-proximately 2.4 billion people) in more than 100 countries (1). A life threatening illness arising from malaria infection, usually referred to as severe malaria, may occur in 1 – 2 % of infection (2, 3). Of the five clinically relevant Plasmodium species (Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae, P. knowlesi), P. falciparum mainly accounts for severe malaria, an important cause…
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ABSTARCT

Intestinal parasitic infections are associated with morbidity and mortality worldwide. Data on prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection is sparse in rural Nigeria. Against this background, this study aimed at determining the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections within a four year period in the rural community of Okada, Edo State, Nigeria. Fecal samples obtained from 1528 patients (consisting of 740 males and 788 females) presenting with signs and symptoms of gastroenteritis at the Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital, Okada were examined…
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Abstract
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of malaria and anemia among pregnant women attending a traditional birth center as well as the effect of herbal remedies, gravidity, age, educational background and malaria prevention methods on their prevalence. Methods: Blood specimens were collected from 119 pregnant women attending a Traditional Birth Home in Benin City, Nigeria. Malaria parasitemia was diagnosed by microscopy while anemia was defined as hemoglobin concentration Results: The prevalence of malaria infection was (OR=4.35 95% CI=1.213, 15.600; p=0.016) higher among primigravidae (92.1%). Pregnant women (38.5%)…
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Abstract
Aim: To determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in Okada, a rural community in Nigeria, and the effect
of age and gender on its prevalence as well as the etiologic agents and the susceptibility profile of the bacterial agents. Patients and Method: Clean-catch midstream urine was collected from 514 patients (49 males and 465 females). The urine samples were processed and microbial isolates identified. Susceptibility testing was performed on all bacterial isolates. Result: The prevalence of urinary tract…
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METHODS: Clean-catch urine was collected from 220 pregnant women attending a traditional birth home in Benin City, Nigeria. Urine samples were processed, and microbial isolates identified using standard bacteriological procedures. A cross-sectional study design was used.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of urinary tract infection among pregnant women was 55.0% and significantly affected by gestational age and parity. The most prevalent etiologic agent observed was Escherichia coli. With the exception of the flouroquinolones, aminoglycoside, and Amoxicillin-cluvanate, the activity…
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Abstract
Background: Wound infections are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Objectives: To determine the prevalence, aetiology and susceptibility profile of bacterial agents of wound infection among in- and- out patients at a rural tertiary hospital in Nigeria, within a 5 year period. Methods: Wound swabs collected from 156 out-patients and 353 in-patients were, cultured and microbial isolates identified using standard methods. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was done on bacterial isolates. Results: The prevalence of wound infection in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 was 71.4%,…
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ABSTRACT
Molecular typing techniques have been employed in the epidemiological study of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCoNS) to identify the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) elements. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and diversity of SCCmec types in the isolates obtained from four hospitals in south-south, Nigeria. A total of 149 staphylococcal isolates were obtained from clinical samples from March through September, 2015. They were identified and SCCmec typing was done using single-target PCR. The prevalence of methicillin-resistant staphylococci…
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