Department Of Medicine and Surgery Journals


Ehebha S. E. Odokuma E.I. Cervical cytological patterns among staff of Delta State Aniversity, Abraka Nigeria

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

 

Cervical cytological patterns among staff of Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

 

Introduction: Cytological analysis has severally been demonstrated by many authors as a tool in the assessment of the uterine cervix. Indeed this inexpensive technique, developed by George Papanicolaou, is now widely accepted and used in achieving significant reduction in cervical lesions in several countries. Though…
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GSJ: Volume 6, Issue 12, December 2018, Online: ISSN 2320-9186
www.globalscientificjournal.com
EFFECTS OF CRUDE AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF
MORINDA LUCIDA LEAF EXTRACT ON THE
HISTOLOGY OF LIVER OF ADULT WISTAR RATS
(RATTUS NORVEGICUS).
O.O. Adeleye*1, A.A. Akande2, A.A. Odetola3, J.I.Ayanlade4
1,4Department of Anatomy, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Anatomy, Lead City University, Ibadan, Oyo State. Nigeria.
3Department of Anatomy, Edo University, Iyamho, Edo State. Nigeria.
(E-mail: funtoadeleye@gmail.com, Telephone no: +2348064019455)
Authors’ contributions
This work was…
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Abstract- This study investigates the various fetal presentations among women in Warri and the various predisposing factors which may have
possibly brought about these variations; the major positions considered were cephalic, breech and transverse, with the considered influencing
factors being gestational age of the fetus, maternal age, amniotic fluid volume, parity, and method of previous deliveries. A total of 105 ultrasound
fetal biometries with a total of 108 fetuses, between 15-40 weeks of gestational age, and maternal age between 19…
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ABSTRACT
Aim: The study investigated the modulating roles of ethanolic roots extract of
Crossopteryx febrifuga (CF) for its antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic, glycosylated
hemoglobin effects and cytoarchitectural changes on pancreatic beta cells in alloxaninduced
diabetic rats
Study Design: Experimental diabetes using animal models.
Methodology: Twenty- Five (25) male albino rats were randomly divided into five (5)
experimental groups: control, diabetic, standard drug (glibenclamide 10 mg/kg body wt)
and C. febrifuga (375 and 500 mg/kg bwt) treated diabetic groups The animals in four…
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ABSTRACT
This study investigated the effect of ethanolic roots extract of
Pseudocecrela kotschyi on some hematological and biochemical
parameters in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Twenty- Five (25) wistar
rats were randomly divided into five (5) experimental groups: control,
diabetic, standard drug (glibenclamide) and Pseudocedrela kotschyi
treated diabetic groups. The animals in four out of five groups were
fasted for 18 h and were made diabetic by injecting with a single dose
of alloxan (ALX) 150 mg kg-1. At the end of…
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within population, providing valuable insight into the dynamics of population structure. The present study, therefore aimed at
providing the percentage frequency of the ABO and Rhesus distribution pattern of adults who attended the Federal Medical
Centre Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria for record and health planning. The study was carried out on two hundred adults (77 male and
123 female). The blood samples were taken by cubital venepuncture and analysed using the agglutination method (Dacie and
Lewis 2001). Among the male…
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Abstract: The last decades have witnessed an upsurge of neuropeptides research. These substances regulate or
influence various functions in the body like appetite, water intake, learning and memory, adaptive responses to
environmental stress, thermoregulation and fever, social behaviour, and sleep. Kisspeptin (formerly known as
metastin) is a protein that is encoded by the KISS1 gene in the Anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV)
and Arcuate nucleus (ARC) nuclei of the hypothalamus which was originally discovered in 1996 by Lee and
Welch while…
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ABSTRACT: The biological responses of Allium sativum (Garlic) have been largely attributed stimulation of
immune function and reduction of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The effects of Allium sativum
on blood cells and platelets was investigated in Wistar rats. The animals (105 – 158 g) were divided into three (3)
groups; the Group A served as the control received 1 ml of distilled water, Group B received 3.5 g/kg body weight of
garlic juice and Group C received…
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ABSTRACT
Objective: The study investigated the activities of antihypoglycemic and antihypolipidemic of ethanolic roots extract of Crossopteryx febrifuga (CF) in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.
Methods: Twenty male albino rats were randomly distributed to four groups; I, II, III and IV with each consisting of five animals received extracts as follows: Group I, C .febrifuga
(500 mg/kg bwt); Group II, C.febrifuga (250 mg/kg bwt); Group III, C. febrifuga (100 mg/kg bwt); Group IV, 0.5 ml (2% w/v) acacia solution and served as…
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ABSTRACT
Spermatogenesis is an extremely active replicative process capable of generating
approximately 1000 sperms a second with correspondingly high rates of mitochondrial
oxygen consumption by the germinal epithelium. This process generates reactive oxygen
species (ROS) through reactions with drugs and environmental toxins, or when the level of
antioxidants is diminished results in oxidative stress. Excessive production of free radicals
or ROS can damage sperm, testes and can cause serious chemical damage to
biomolecules (DNA, proteins, and unsaturated lipids) which ultimately…
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Abstract
A series of glycoprotein and glycolipids on red blood cell surface constitute blood group antigens. These are the ABO (A,
B, AB and O) and Rh blood groups which are the most important blood groups despite the long list of several other blood
groups discovered so far. The ABO and Rh blood groups vary worldwide and are not found in equal numbers even among
ethnic groups. Therefore, this study was aimed at having information on the distribution of ABO…
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ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to investigate the role of L-ergothioneine supplement against
cisplatin-induced reproductive toxicity in male wistar rats, regarding the antioxidant and cytoprotectant
property of this supplement, and redox indices generated by cisplatin administration during
administration.Twenty adult male wistar rats randomly divided into four groups (n=5) were used in this study
and subjected to treatment as follows; Group I (control) received 10mL/kg distilled water for 14days; Group II
(Cis alone) received a single dose of 7 mg/kg…
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ABSTRACT
The contraceptive effect of oral administration of ethanolic extract of Dioscorea villosa tuber for thirty days
on reproductive hormones of female albino rats was investigated. Twenty four female albino rats weighing
150-220g were completely randomized into four groups (A-D) comprising six rats each. Animals in Group A
(control) were administered 0.5ml of distilled water. Animals in groups B, C and D received 100, 200 and
400mg/kg body weight of ethanolic extract of Dioscorea villosa tuber respectively for 30 consecutive…
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ABSTRACT:
Background: Hibiscus sabdariffa is used for medicinal purposes, especially in alternative medicine. It
is a folk remedy for abscesses, cancer, cough, debility, dyspepsia, dysuria, fever, hangover, heart ailments,
neurosis, scurvy and strangury. This present study was carried out to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity
of methanolic extract of hibiscus sabdariffa in adult wistar rat.
Methods: A total of Twenty-five (25) of both sexes rats weighing between 180 - 200 g were randomly
divided into five (5) groups of five (5)…
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ABSTRACT
Introduction: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in paint are considered harmful to the
environment, especially for people who work with them on a regular basis. Aim: In this study,
we investigated the effect of VOCs in gloss paint, emulsion, and thinner on the testes of male
Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Twenty adult Wistar rats (100–200 g) were assigned to
four (4) groups (A–D) of five rats each. Groups A (thinner), B (emulsion paint), and C (gloss
paint) were exposed…
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ABSTRACT
Aim: This study was carried out to investigate the role of coconut oil on
pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) induced convulsant activity in Wistar rats using the laboratory
model. Convulsant activity was achieved by injection of PTZ.
Study Design: The rats were divided into five groups. Group 1 served as control and
received distilled water orally. Group2 was a reference group and received only PTZ. The
remaining three groups (3, 4 and 5) were test groups and rats were given oral
administration…
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The role of adrenergic receptors in cortisol-induced hyperglycaemia is not well known. The present
study investigates the effects of adrenergic receptor blockers in cortisol-induced hyperglycaemia in the
common African toad (Bufo regularis). Each toad was fasted and anesthetized with sodium
pentobarbitone (3 mg/100 g i.p). The animals (control) received intravenous (i.v) injection of 0.7%
amphibian saline while animals (untreated) were given cortisol (20 ?g/kg). In pre-treatment groups,
animals received prazosin (0.2 mg/kg i.v), propranolol 0.5 mg/kg or combination of prazosin…
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The role of adrenergic receptors in cortisol-induced hyperglycaemia is not well known. The present
study investigates the effects of adrenergic receptor blockers in cortisol-induced hyperglycaemia in the
common African toad (Bufo regularis). Each toad was fasted and anesthetized with sodium
pentobarbitone (3 mg/100 g i.p). The animals (control) received intravenous (i.v) injection of 0.7%
amphibian saline while animals (untreated) were given cortisol (20 ?g/kg). In pre-treatment groups,
animals received prazosin (0.2 mg/kg i.v), propranolol 0.5 mg/kg or combination of prazosin…
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Abstract
Garcinia kola has been confirmed for spermatogenic and tissue enhancing effect of testis in male wistar rats. This study
was carried out to investigate the histological effect of ethanolic extract of Garcinia kola on Lead II oxide induced testicular
damage. Thirty five (35) adult male wistar rats were randomly selected into seven (7) groups n=5. Group A received 0.5 ml
saline solution, Group B received 100 mg/kg of Garcinia kola extract only, Group C received 5 mg/kg of Lead…
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ABSTRACT
Objectives: Male infertility caused by exposure to
heavy metals is a current global issue. Exposure to cadmium
chloride (CdCl2) negatively affects the male reproductive
system. Many infertile people, especially in developing
countries, resort to folkloric treatment. Plukenetia
conophora is used in Nigerian folk medicine to promote
fertility. This study investigated the effects of Plukenetia
conophora (PC) and 4H-Pyran-4-One 2,3-Dihydro-3,5-Dihydroxy-
6-Methyl (DDMP) on Wistar rats with cadmium
chloride-induced testicular damage.
Methods: Forty-two male Wistar rats (150-190g) were
divided into seven…
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Abstract
Background: The study was designed to investigate the effect of stem bark aqueous extract of Enantia chlorantha on the sperm
parameters and the histo-architecture of the testis of adult Wistar rats treated with lead (IV) oxide.
Methods: A total of 20 adult male rats weighing between 180 g-200 g were randomly selected into 4 groups (n=5). Group 1 was
giving only phosphate buffered saline; Group 2 was treated with 150 mg/kg body weight of the extract; Group 3 was…
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