Department Of Political Science and Public Administration Lecture Notes


Lecturer

1) INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE.

(Prof Stephen Omodia Monday  and Efanodor Harriet O.)

Course Objectives

(i) To introduce students to study of politics and political science.

(ii) To highlight the major sub-fields within Political Science.

(iii) To demonstrate how political science relates to other discipline in the Social Sciences.

(iv) To unfold how political activities affects human society.

(v) To introduce students to the various approaches to the study of politics.

(vi) To explain basic concepts of political science.

Lecturer

2) WHAT IS POLITICAL SCIENCE NOTE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic outline

  • The concept of politics.

  • What is science?

  • What is political science?

  • Why do we study political science?

Expected learning outcome. At the end of the topic, students are expected to be able to:

Lecturer

3) THE SCIENTIFIC NATURE OF THE STUDY OF POLITICS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture three

The Science of Politics: The Scientific Nature of the Study of Politics

Topic outline;

  • The meaning of science

  • Cannons of science

  • The scientific nature of the study of politics

  • Political scientist and the use of scientific patterns

Expected learning outcome
At…

Lecturer

4) RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL SCIENCE AND OTHER DISCIPLINE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture four

Relationship between Political Science and other Discipline

Topic outline;

The relationship between political science and;

  • History

  • Philosophy

  • Law

  • Sociology

  • Economics

Expected outcome; at the end of the topic

Lecturer

5) SUBFIELDS OF POLITICAL SCIENCE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture five

Subfields of Political Science

At the end of the topic, students are expected to

  • Explain the various subfields of political science.

Political science is a broad discipline with many subfields.

These subfields are;

  • Political theory or philosophy

  • Comparative politics

  • International relations

  • Political economy

  • Political sociology

  • Public administration

Lecturer

6) APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF POLITICS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture six

Approaches to the study of politics

At the end of this topic, you should be able to:

  • Identify the approaches to the study of Politics.

  • Differentiate between the various approaches to the study of politics.

  • Identify the main features of the approaches to the study of politics.

Lecturer

7) BASIC CONCEPTS IN POLITICAL SCIENCE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture seven

Basic concepts in Political Science

Expected outcome: At the end of the topic students should be able to demonstrate sound knowledge of basic concepts in political science

Readings: Ekpekurede, W. and Umukoro (2010) Political Science-An Introduction. Nigeria: AMBIK Press

Ikelegbe A. 2005 (ed) Introduction to Politics. Lagos: Imprints Services

Lecturer

8) ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture Eight

Elements of Government

Readings: Ekpekurede, W. and Umukoro (2010) Political Science-An Introduction. Nigeria: AMBIK Press

What is Government?

  • Government can be defined as the body of persons who use different agencies or institution to carry out the political and administrative affairs of the state through continuous act of law making and law implementation in order to ensure orderliness.

Government as concept can be seen from three different…

Lecturer

9) INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Course Contents

  1. What is International relations.
  2. Scope and Sub-fields of International Relations
  3. The Historical Development of Contemporary International Relations.
  4. Approaches to the study of International Relations.
  5. Theories of international relations.
  6. Contending perspectives on how to thinks about International Relations
  7. The state and the International system.
  8. Foreign policy and its Instruments.
  9. International and Regional Organisation.
  10. International law.
  11. Conflict and Bargaining in International Relations.

 

Lecturer

10) WHAT IS INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS NOTE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

What is International Relations?

Perspectives of International Relations

  • International Relations have two broad perspectives.
  • As an academic field and;
  • As relations among states.

International relations as a field of study

  • As an academic discipline it has been viewed from different perspectives;
  • The first school of thought contend that international relations is a sub field of political science;
  • The second contend that it is a separate discipline.
  • Fundamentally international relations and political science are fields that are concerned…

Lecturer

11) SCOPE AND SUB-FIELDS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Scope and Sub-Fields of International Relations

According to Akinboye and Ottoh, (2007) International relations is preoccupied with the analysis of kind of power, force and influence relationships that exist among states over issues of war and peace. The scope of international relations therefore covers

  • Sum total of relations across national boundaries
  • Method of analysis for dealing with relations
  • Issues that concern wars and alternative wars
  • Power relations across national agreements
  • Conflict, adjustments and agreements of national policies
  • Issues…

Lecturer

12) THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: The Historical Development of Contemporary International Relations

The purpose of this historical overview is to trace important trends over-time; the emergence of the state, the notion of sovereignty and the development of the international state system. These trends have a direct impact on international relations of today.

The Pre-Westphalian world

Greek city-states

  • The Greeks organised independent city-state
  • The city-states carried on economic relations with each other.
  • This environment fostered the flowering of the strong philosophical tradition
  • The city-state…

Lecturer

13) APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Approaches to the study of International Relations

Traditional and behavioural approaches constitute the two major theoretical schools of thought in international relations. Each of the two perspectives has its own methodology. The traditionalist focus their attention on the state as their unit of analysis, others base their analysis on power as the sole explanatory variable in the study of international relations. Similarly, the behaviouralists have developed different approaches in their analytical framework.

The traditional and behavioural approach

Under the…

Lecturer

14) THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Theories of International Relations

  • Scholars have interpreted theory in different ways.

General assumption of a theory

  • A theory should have scientific proposition which, when tested, are certified to be valid.
  • Theory should have universal applicability
  • One should be able to make generalization
  • Theories in international relations has been defined by Quincy Wright cited in Akinboye and Ottoh (2007) as comprehensive, coherent, and self correcting body of knowledge contributing to the understanding, the prediction, evaluation and the…

Lecturer

15) CONTENDING PERSPECTIVES ON HOW TO THINK ABOUT INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORETICALLY.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Contending perspectives on how to thinks about International Relations theoretically

  • At the end of the topic student’s should be able to;
  • Explain the major theoretical underpinnings of liberalism, realism and Marxism
  • Think theoretically about events and trends in international relations
  • Analyze events using the three theoretical perspectives

Political scientists and scholars of international relations develop theories in order to understand the causes of events that occur in international relations every day.

Lecturer

16) STATE AND THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: State and the International System

The analysis of the international system began with the historical formation of the state system.

  • The international system is fragmented into several sovereign states.
  • The sovereign states constitute the international system
  • Westphalia peace treaty of 1648 signaled the birth of the state system
  • The creation of the state saw the redistribution of the state and the dissolution of the city-state systems
  • State is a body of people occupying a definite portion of defined…

Lecturer

17) FOREIGN POLICY AND ITS INSTRUMENTS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Foreign Policy and its Instruments.

At the end of this topic students’ should be able to;

  • Define foreign policy
  • Understand and explain the various levels of analysis
  • Explain the elements of foreign policy
  • Explain techniques or instruments of foreign policy

Readings: Akinboye, S. and Ottoh, O. (2007) A Systematic Approach to International Relations. Nigeria: Concept Publication.

What is Foreign Policy?

Lecturer

18) INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL ORGANIZATION.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: International and Regional Organization
• At the end of this topic, student’s should be able to ;
• Differentiate between universal and regional organisations
• Explain the basic common structure and features of international organisations
• Explain the importance of international organisation
• List and explain the types of international organisation
Readings: Akinboye, S. and Ottoh, O. (2007) A Systematic Approach to International Relations. Nigeria: Concept Publication.
International and Regional organization
• An organisation that…

Lecturer

19) PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION.

(Mr Ayodeji Anthony Aduloju)

BASIC CONCEPTS OF PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION

Peace is not simply the absence of war. It is also the existence of justice and equality that guarantees provisions of life are met. It includes the eradication of violence, oppression, greed and environmental destruction by the positive intervention of conflicts.

Lecturer

20) EVOLUTION OF THE CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM (LECTURE NOTE).

(Mr Ayodeji Anthony Aduloju)

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSE

This course aims at providing ISD students with the necessary theoretical and practical tools for understanding the contemporary international system. More specifically, the goal of this course is to familiarize students with

  • The notions of international system
  • International society
  • International community
  • Power
  • The origins and evolution of the contemporary international Society.

Lecturer

21) PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS (LECTURE NOTE).

(Mr Ozekhome Igechi Gabriel  and Prof. S.M Omodia)

Objectives
1. To conceptualize public policy
2. To know the features of public policy