What You Need To Know About Mosquitoes And Malaria
FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,
EDO UNIVERSITY IYAMHO
What you need to know about mosquitoES and malaria
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites of the species Plasmodium,
which is transmitted to people through the bites of infected female
Anopheles mosquitoes (Agnandji et al., 2015).
In 2015, 95 countries and territories had ongoing malaria transmission with more
than 3.2 billion people – almost half of the world’s population – are at risk of this
disease (Agnandji et al., 2015; Gosling and von Seidlein, 2016).
Malaria has remained a major public health problem in Nigeria.
- Estimated 100 million malaria cases and about
- 300,000 deaths each year
- make Nigeria the country with the highest
- number of malaria casualties worldwide.
- It accounts for over 60% outpatient visits and
- 30% hospital admissions in Nigeria.
The disease has impacted negatively on the economy
with about 132 Billion Naira lost to the disease as cost of
treatment and loss in man-hours (PilgrimAfrica, 2016).